Cognitive Behaviour Therapy (CBT) is a highly effective talking therapy. As a result of extensive world-wide research into the effectiveness of leading therapies, it is recommended by independent accreditation bodies such as the National Institute for Clinical Excellence (NICE.) CBT is scientifically proven to help people overcome a wide range of personal challenges and reduce distressing symptoms. CBT mainly focuses on what is going on in the present rather than the past. However our past can be important as our experiences help to shape our present. It can help to make links between current thoughts and behaviours and past experiences to help change the way we deal with things in the present. But a preoccupation with what has already taken place can at times also prevent us from successfully finding our way through current challenges. CBT is a practical, structured form of psychotherapy that looks at how we think about things and how this affects what we do. It also looks at how our actions then affect how we think.